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Spanish colonization of the Americas

Latin American Vocab

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Lavradores de cana ? The whole class of sugarcane cultivators in Brazil. They didn?t have enough capital to set up their own engenhos so they grew sugarcane which they processed at a nearby mill, and paid three-fifths of the sugar produced as a fee to the mill owner. Although they made up a sizeable portion of the population in Brazil, they didn?t constitute a homogeneous social or economic group. For example, men with noble status, merchants, and priests all might be lavradores de cana. (emv2126)

Latin American History Midterm

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LATIN AMERICAN CIVILIZATION MIDTERM 10/14 ATLANTIC PHASE 1450-1492 CARIBBEAN PHASE 1492-1519 CONQUEST PHASE 1519-1570 MATURE PHASE 1570-1750 BERNARDINO DE SABAGUN 15TH CENTURY TENOCHTITLAN (AZTEC REGION) Aztec Warfare (L2 #1) -Spanish Friar (through native informants) -ruler = lord, head of military -centralized monarchy with order -strategy of warfare/capturing leader -called upon majordomos, warriors, otomi, noblemen -?Lords of the Sun? ? priests took the lead -?slashed his breast open with a flint knife? (captives = tribute to Huitzilopochtli) BERNAL DIAZ DE CASTILLO EVE OF SPANISH CONQUEST TENOCHTITLAN (AZTEC REGION) Halls of Moctezuma (L2 #2) -Conquistador/Historian (eye witness) -how Aztecs viewed/approached Moctezuma

ch1 notes

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Founding the New Nation Christopher Columbus wasn?t planning on finding America. Many of the orginal colonists were fleeing from religious persecution but continued to refer to themselves as Europeans. The 13 colonies were all very different from each other. (EX, Puritans lived in small family owned farms and were mostly democratic. Anglicans built huge plantations with slaves, and were pretentious towards the farmers) Colonists profited greatly from trade with Britain, which ended when the they were forced into the French & Indian War The Shaping of North America North America formed 10 million years ago, by breaking apart from the single landmass called Pangea Peopling the Americas

dbq answers

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?Columbian Exchange DBQ ? Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying Documents 1-10. (Some of the documents have been edited for the purpose of this exercise.) This question is designed to test your ability to work with historical documents. As you analyze the documents, take into account both the sources of the documents and the authors' points of view. Write an essay on the following topic that integrates your analysis of the documents; in no case should documents simply be cited and explained in a "laundry list" fashion. You may refer to historical facts and developments not mentioned in the documents. ? Question:??? Evaluate the positive and negative effects of the exchange between Europe and the New World. ?

transoceanic encounters and global connections

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Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections Cool story 1497 Vasco da Gama arrives at Lisbon instead of India. He was Portuguese and aimed to go around Africa and through the Indian Ocean, and carried many heavy treasures in search of spice. They instead sailed to Cape Verde Islands and also went southwest into the Atlantic and saw no land because they wanted to take advantage of the prevailing westerlies. Took 10 months after departure from Lisbon to reach India, but there they found a wealthy society. He traded gold for pepper and opened doors for trade Background

America: a Narrative History by Tindall and Shi notes Chapter 1

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Columbus, The Indians, and Human Progress Columbus Arrives at the Americas Goal was to sail to Indies and Asia Expected to find lots of Gold and Spices Believed there were fields of gold that could be found there Financed by Spain Arawak people of the Bahama Islands greeted Columbus with food and gifts ?willingly traded everything they owned? Columbus oppresses the Native Americans Columbus writes, ?With fifty men we could subjugate them al ad make them do whatever we want Forced the Arawaks into giving him gold Also took five hundred Arawaks to be slaves in Spain Two hundred of them died in transit to Spain Columbus then moves to Haiti and starts looking for gold Indians were forced to find gold Indians that didn?t find any were killed

Chapter 19 Voc.

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Chapter 19 Early Latin America I. Introduction A. Cortes conquers Aztecs 1. Amazed at beauty of Tenochtitlan - uncomparable B. Pattern of conquest, continuity and rebuilding 1. Spanish tried to utilized Native resources similarly a. Used materials from ruins to build own houses b. Used similar forced labor system c. Allowed to follow ancient customs C. Impact of invasions 1. Huge Spanish/Portuguese empires 2. Latin America pulled into new world economy 3. Hierarchy of world economic relationships ? Europe on top 4. New societies created ? some incorporated, some destroyed a. Distinct civilization combining Iberian Peninsula w/ Native 5. Created large landed estates 6. Europeans came to Americas for economic gain and social mobility

Treaty of Paris 1763

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During the war, Britain had conquered the French colonies of Canada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Tobago, the French "factories" (trading posts) in India, the slave-trading station at Gor?e, the S?n?gal River and its settlements, and the Spanish colonies of Manila (in the Philippines) and Havana (in Cuba). France had captured Minorca and British trading posts in Sumatra, while Spain had captured the border fortress of Almeida in Portugal, and Colonia del Sacramento in South America. In the treaty, most of these territories were restored to their original owners. Britain however made considerable gains.[3] France and Spain restored all their conquests to Britain and Portugal.

Exploration

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Exploration I. Prehistory A. Bering Land Bridge B. Hundreds of independent tribes C. Civilizations ? Mayans ? Central, Incas ? South, Aztecs ? Mexico D. Mount Builders ? Ohio II. Early Discoverers Vikings ? Leif Ericsson ? Greenland ? Northern Canada ? 1000 AD Italian Christopher Columbus ? for Spain ? 1492 - Guanahani III. Spanish/Portugese Exploration Reasons for exploring Wealthy nations ? gold based Renaissance ? optimism/humanism ? we can do anything Trade routes Printing press ? ideas spread Mariner?s compass ? exploration possible Spain ? peace w/ Isabella and Ferdinand uniting plus no Moors/Muslims Conquistadores ? Spanish ? gold/glory ? fighting tradition Portugal Looking water route to Asia ? brought slavery from Africa

ap us government

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nation-state - The modern form of political society that combines centralized government with a high degree of ethnic and cultural unity. "No dense concentrations of population or complex nation-states...existed in North America...." matrilinear - the form of society in which family line, power, and wealth are passed primarily through the female side. "...many North American native peoples, including the Iroquois. developed matrilinear cultures...." confederacy - An alliance or league of nations or peoples looser than a federation. "The Iroquois Confederacy developed the political and organizational skills...." primeval - Concerning the earliest origin of things. "...the whispering, primeval forests...."

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