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Man! 7 Questions (Difficult :-/ ) I need help!

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Nebykhset159ej6's picture
Joined: Sep 2005
Man! 7 Questions (Difficult :-/ ) I need help!

UGH BABY! This has been erking me majorly. We have this dumb essay test. Her there are 7 questions! Do you think you could give me an idea of where to begin or a place to start looking!! Thanks!!

1. What was the impact of the Transcontinental Rail System on the American economy and society in the late 19th century?

2. How did the huge industrial trust develop in industries such as steel and oil, and what was their effect on the economy?

3. What early efforts were made to control the new corporate industrial giants, and how effective were these efforts?

4. What was the effect of the new corporate industrial giants, and how did various labor organizations attempt to respond to the new conditions?

5. Compare the impact of the new industrialization on the North and the South. Why was the "New South" more of a slogan than a reality?

6. William Graham Sumner said that the wealth and luxury enjoyed by millionaires was justifiable as a "good bargain for society". Based on the industrialist role in the late 1800's, support or criticize Sumner's assertion.

7. How did the industrial transformation after the Civil War compare with the earlier phase of American economic development? (Chptr. 15) Why were the economic developments of 1865-1900 often seen as a threat to American democracy, where as those of 1815-1860 were not?

Please and Thanks! (Especially w/ question #7) But Thanks!

pianogirl2422's picture
Joined: Mar 2005

I suggest that you write down all the information that you have that might be helpful in answering the questions.

If it's a comparison/contrast between two time periods, regions, etc. then make two columns and put the information that you have for each in the columns and ask how are they different? How are they the same? Why did this happen for this column and not for the other one? etc.

For effect essays, think about the original conditions and the end conditions. Then ask why did this happen? How did they get from this to this? etc.

For quotes/statements/opinions where you are to choose a side and support or attack, first you have to decide which side you want to take. There will generally be enough to support both sides, but I suggest that you choose the side that is easiest for you. Then you find evidence to support your case and start defending your opinion.

As to sources for information, I suggest that you use some of the links provided by GoPunchRocks in this section of the forums (the link is below), and try checking some of the other threads to see if one of the questions has already been answered.


If you need anymore help, post what you have and your question and I or someone else will be happy to help you improve your essays.

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"I refuse to prove that I exist," says God, "for proof denies faith, and without faith I am nothing."
"But," say Man, "the Babel fish is a dead giveaway, isn't it? It could not have evolved by chance. It

jenmarie's picture
Joined: Jul 2005

Does your teacher not lecture? Your notes are a goldmind for these questions. Forget about looking stuff on the internet. Your notes should be extremely sufficient in finding information for these questions. If you have poor notes, I suggest making them better in the future because its the best place to get evidence for your essays. If you need note-taking tips, just ask. I'll tell you how.

Sift through your notes on the following information and use your brain to put it all together: railraods, big names (Carnegie, Rockefeller, Vanderbilt, etc), people's reaction, government interventions (acts, taxes, tariffs, ICC, Sherman AntiTrust act, etc), labor unions, urban life, factory conditions, statistics (working hours, wages, population, etc), big industries (steel, oil, etc), developments in new technology and its impact on the economy (use your own logic; improvements in communication, etc), trusts, political machines, how the wealthy lived, laissez faire and if it was really adopted, big companies, and strikes.

Oh, and for number six...courtesy of course-notes.org...

William Graham Sumner, What Social Classes Owe Each Other: Sumner was a sociologist and author of What Social Classes Owe Each Other. In this book, he stated that unchangeable laws of nature, such as survival of the fittest, control all social order and they can not be changed by man.

SOCIAL DARWINISM: It is a theory developed in the late 19th century by which individuals and societies believed that people, like all other organisms compete for survival and success in life. It was believed that human progress depended highly on competition. Those who were best fit for survival would become rich and powerful, and the less fit in society would be poor and the lower classes. Many felt that this theory was expounded by Charles Darwin, but in reality, they misinterpreted his words.

WillAPUSH's picture
Joined: Dec 2005

Eh, your textbook would probably answer these...

Questioner's picture
Joined: Mar 2006

u should probably find what time period cuz liek differnt time periods would have iddfernt asnwers to this.

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