- Emotion- a response of the whole organism
- Physiological arousal
- Expressive behaviors
- Conscious experience
- Autonomic nervous system controls physiological arousal
- Arousal and Performance- Performance peaks at lower levels of arousal for difficult tasks, and at higher levels for easy or well-learned tasks.
- Polygraph- machine that is commonly used in attempt to detect lies; measures several of the physiological responses accompanying emotion (i.e. perspiration, heart rate, blood pressure, breathing changes0
- Control Question
- Up to age 18, did you ever physically harm anyone?
- Relevant Question
- Did the deceased threaten to harm you in any way?
- RELEVANT > CONTROL ! LIE
- Is 70% accuracy good?
- Assume 5% of 1000 employees actually guilty…after testing all employees 285 will be wrongly accused
- What about 95% accuracy?
- Assume that 1 in 1000 employees actually guilty…after testing all employees 50 are wrongly declared guilty and 1 of 51 testing positive are guilty (2%)
- The amygdala is a neural key to fear learning
- Catharsis- emotional release; catharsis hypothesis- "releasing" aggressive energy (through action or fantasy) relieves aggressive urges
- Feel-good, do-good phenomenon- people's tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood.
- Subjective Well-Being- self perceived happiness or satisfaction with life; used along with measures of objective well-being (physical and economic indicators to evaluate people’s quality of life.
- Adaptation-Level Phenomenon- tendency to from judgements relative to a “neutral” level (i.e. brightness of lights, volume of sound, level of income); defined by our prior experience
- Relative Deprivation- perception that one is worse off relative to those with whom one compares oneself
Theories of Emotion
- Does you heart pound because you are afraid…or are you afraid because you feel your heart pounding?
- James-Lange Theory of Emotion
Experience of emotion is awareness of physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli
- Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion
Emotion-arousing stimuli simultaneously trigger: physiological responses and subjective experience of emotion
- Schachter’s Two Factor Theory of Emotion
To experience emotion one must: be physically aroused and cognitively label the arousal
- Emotion and cognition feed on each other
Myers, David G., Psychology Fifth Edition. Worth Publishers, Inc. New York, NY ©1998