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Chemical change


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Warm-Up Your car's gas tank holds 18.6 gallons and is one quarter full. Your car gets 16 miles/gal. You see a sign saying, "Next gas 73 miles." Your often-wrong brother, who is driving, is sure you'll make it without running out of gas. You're not so sure and do some quick figuring: Matter and Change Matter: Anything that has mass and takes up space. Mass: measure of the amount of matter. Matter and Change Atoms: Smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties of that element Elements: pure substance made of one atom. Compounds: made of atoms of two or more elements that are chemically bonded Physical properties and changes Physical properties: quality or condition of a substance that can be observed or measured without changing the substance

Types of Chem. Reactions

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Types of chemical reactions A chemical reaction is a process that is usually characterized by a chemical change in which the starting materials (reactants) are different from the products. Chemical reactions tend to involve the motion of electrons, leading to the formation and breaking of chemical bonds. There are several different types of chemical reactions and more than one way of classifying them. Here are some common reaction types: Synthesis Reaction (Direct Combination) In a synthesis reaction two or more chemical species combine to form a more complex product. O + H2 ? H2O C + O2 CO2 Chemical Decomposition (Analysis Reaction) In a decomposition reaction a compound is broken into smaller chemical species. H2O ? H2 + O CO2 C + O2
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