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Blood type

Blood Types

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ABO and Rh Blood Groups Blood type is inherited from your parents and is determined by the presence or absence of certain antigens, or agglutinogens, on the surface of red blood cells. Blood plasma also contains specific antibodies, or agglutinins. These antibody molecules will react to foreign antigens causing those cells to burst, a process called hemolysis. This is why it?s important to perform blood type testing before blood transfusions. There are several types of surface antigens on blood cells, but the ABO and Rh antigens are the most common. Rh Blood Group: The Rh blood groups has two types, Rh positive and Rh negative. The Rh surface antigen is also called the D antigen. If the antigen is present, the type is Rh+ and if it is absent, the type is Rh-.
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