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Campbell Biology 9th Edition - Ch. 5 Macromolecules

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Chapter 5 The Structure and Function of Large Biological Molecules Monomers Polymers Macromolecules Small organic Used for building blocks of polymers Connects with condensation reaction (dehydration synthesis) Long molecules of monomers With many identical or similar blocks linked by covalent bonds Giant molecules 2 or more polymers bonded together ie. amino acid ? peptide ? polypeptide ? protein smaller larger Dehydration Synthesis (Condensation Reaction) Hydrolysis Make polymers Breakdown polymers Monomers ? Polymers Polymers ? Monomers A + B ? AB AB ? A + B + H2O + + H2O + Dehydration Synthesis Hydrolysis I. Carbohydrates Fuel and building material Include simple sugars (fructose) and polymers (starch) Ratio of 1 carbon: 2 hydrogen: 1 oxygen or CH2O

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