Well i have been out sick since tues. with a respiratory virus and a sinus infection.
My AP teacher gave us this huge packet of mutliple choice questions on mon. that were due fri. So i reaize that i get the whole weekend extra to do it but i am so far behind in my reading out of the textbook (we are supposed to read out of it every night) that i dont know the answers nor have the time to read and answer them all.
please help me!!
1. How did Columbus react to the natives when he reached the Western Hemisphere?
a. He thought they could be Christianized and become good servants.
b. He thought they were descendants of the lost tribe of Israel.
c. He thought they were descendants of earlier Viking explorers.
d. He thought they were gullible fools.
e. all of the above.
2. In general, European society in the sixteenth century was
e. all of the above
3. At the time of the first European contacts in the Western Hemisphere, peasants composed about what percentage of Europe's population?
a. less than 10 percent
b. between 40 percent and 50 percent
c. between 70 percent and 80 percent
d. less than one percent
e. over 90 percent
4. The Puritans wished to reform the Church of England by
a. reverting to purer Roman Catholic rituals.
b. purifying it of Roman Catholic rituals.
c. purging the church of Quaker influences.
d. clearly distinguishing between the clergy and the congregation.
e. discouraging laypersons from interfering in church affairs.
5. A major difference between Separatist and non-Separatist Puritans was over
a. advocacy or rejection of a state church,
b. the acceptability of extra-marital sex.
c. acceptance or rejection of slavery,
d. full participation by women in church affairs,
e. the necessity of a conversion experience
6. The Puritan conversion experience required
d. public profession of grace.
e. all of the above
7. In England, Puritanism's primary appeal lay among the
a. titled nobility, military elite, and government bureaucracy,
b. desperate poor, social outcasts, and criminal classes,
c. shopkeepers, yeoman farmers, and university-educated intellectuals.
d. doctors, lawyers, and architects.
e. Catholic leadership, Spanish exiles, and Lutheran dissenters.
8. The West African empires prior to 1600
a. engaged in vigorous trade, were Islamic, and were known for their wealth.
b. had no written language and no transportation infrastructure,
c. were infested with tsetse flies and therefore unable to develop a state bureaucracy,
d. were generally warrior states with little inclination to develop agriculture,
e. were ruled over by kings whose absolute political power was based on ruthless use offered.
9. Which of the following is not true of both African and Indian religion?
a. Both placed great importance on practicing magic and placating spiritual powers.
b. Both venerated departed forebears as spiritual guardians,
c. Both believed in witches.
d. Both recognized spiritual presences pervading nature
e. All of these are true.
10. Europeans' attempts to preserve "reciprocity" included all the following conditions except
a. converting jointly owned "commons" to private property,
b. an atmosphere of mutual watchfulness,
c. prohibitions against usury.
d. bans on dressing inappropriately relative to one's social rank,
e. maintaining a "just price" that allowed the seller a reasonable standard of living but no more.
11. When people of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Europe spoke of a "little commonwealth," they were referring to
a. the generally local focus of most political activity.
b. the family unit and the role of fathers, mothers, and children within that unit.
c. the mythical kingdom of Atlantis.
e. the structure of African and Indian societies.
12. Which of the following sixteenth-century European religious groups was the most socially and politically radical?
13. Which of the following is not a legacy of the Reformation?
a. the major Christian traditions of America
b. a belief in the importance of reading
c. the ideas that all work is dignified and clergy have no special powers
d. a new crusading spirit in Europe
e. pursuit of wealth and replacement of traditional reciprocity with marketplace values
14. The group that wished to cleanse the Church of England of popish abuses was called the
15. Which of the following characterized English society in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries?
a. a stagnant economy ;
b. a rapidly growing population
c. declining per capita output and real household income
d. political upheavals
e. all of the above
16. Which of the following was not a development of the "maritime revolution" of the fifteenth century?
a. new materials for constructing ships
b. a more maneuverable ship
c. a new type of sail
d. mastering of the compass
e. better use of the astrolabe
17. Which of the following nations was first in the new explorations that began in the fifteenth century?
c. The Netherlands
18. Which of the following statements about the slave trade that developed from the fifteenth century onward is correct?
a. Slavery already existed in West African societies and was a much harsher, less humane form of slavery than that practiced by the Europeans
b. The only motivation was economic, and race had no role
c. Africans taken into slavery were often frightened by the horrible looks, red faces, and long hair of whites.
d. The trade began accidentally because of a linguistic misunderstanding between Portuguese seamen and Olaudah Equiano.
e. Those sold into slavery by African kings were primarily undesirables such as lawbreakers or persons accused of witchcraft.
19. The European slavery that arose in the fifteenth century differed frorr other forms of European slavery because
a. the "new slavery" was a high-volume business.
b. slaves taken under the "new slavery" were treated harshly and were destined for exhausting, mindless labor rather than domestic service.
c. Slaves were regarded ad property rather than merely as person: of low status.
d. the "new slavery" was based explicitly on the blackness and cultural differences of Africans.
e. all of the above
20. Which of the following statements about Christopher Columbus is correct?
a. He was using outdated calculations and estimates about the earth's circumference and Asia's eastward thrust,
b. He had been recruited by the King and Queen of Spain to be the agent of Spanish territorial expansion,
c. He embarked on his expedition with limited navigating experience,
d. His sole goal was to glorify his god, and he thought nothing of personal gain or even the finances of his expedition.
e. He was simply one of about a dozen would-be explorers who roamed Europe endlessly hawking their enterprises.