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Properties of water

Ch 2: Environmental systems

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Pauline Lee APES Chapter 2: Environmental Systems A Lake of Salt Water, Dust Storms, and Endangered Species Mono Lake- terminal lake water flows into it, but doesn?t flow out a. Picks up salt and other minerals- deposited in the lake b. Evaporation- buildup of salt concentration c. Mono brine shrimp/larvae of Mono Lake alkali fly i. Consume microscopic algae Los Angeles Department of Water and Power reduce amount of water diverted and allow the lake to refill to about 2/3rds of historical depth Earth is a Single Interconnected System Large system may contain many smaller systems within it Fisheries of the North Atlantic a. Physiologist- study how codfish survive in freezing waters i. Fish and internal organs system being studied

AP bio summer hw ch 2 questions

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AP Biology Summer Assignment Unit 2: The Chemistry of Life Ch. 2- Write the key concepts from chapter 2 (include concept number also). These are listed for you in the front of each chapter. The key concepts from chapter 2 are concept 2.1 which states, ?Matter consists of chemical elements in pure form and in combinations called compounds.? Concept 2.2 which states, ?An element?s properties depend on the structure of its atom.? Concept 2.3 which states, ?The formation and function of molecules depend on chemical bonding between atoms.? And lastly concept 2.4 which states, ?Chemical reactions make and break chemical bonds. Ch. 3- Use illustrations to describe how the structure of a water molecule allows it to form hydrogen bonds with other water molecules.

Bob Jones PPT Notes -- Chapter 8b

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Nomenclature What?s In a Name? Common names describe some aspect of the compound Examples: soda ash Epsom salts What?s In a Name? IUPAC system International Union of Pure & Applied Chemistry Common Name Chemical Name Formula Common Names of Some Industrial Chemicals oil of vitriol sulfuric acid H2SO4 caustic lime calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2 lye sodium hydroxide NaOH Common Name Chemical Name Formula Common Names of Some Industrial Chemicals soda ash sodium carbonate Na2CO3 milk of magnesia magnesium hydroxide Mg(OH)2 IUPAC System Developed in the late 1800s Requires determining the type of compound before naming it Has a different set of naming rules for each type of compound Flow Chart Green: questions what type of bond Blue: gives naming information

Bob Jones PPT Notes -- Chapter 6c

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Properties of Compounds 1 Covalent distinct molecules held together by intermolecular forces relatively weak attractions, therefore low melting points not dense or hard poor heat and electricity conductors 2 Network Covalent exceptions continuous 3-D pattern?crystal Examples: diamonds, silicates 3 Network Covalent hard and brittle high melting points glassy luster 4 Ionic strong bonds, therefore high melting and boiling points hard solids can be split water-soluble good e? conductor in H2O, not as a solid 5 Ionic substances have low melting points. Ionic substances have low boiling points. Ionic substances don?t dissolve in water. Ionic substances are brittle. Question Because ionic bonds are strong, 6 Metallic carry electrons have luster (shine) malleable ductile 7 8

Campbell Biology Test Bank Chapter 3

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Campbell's Biology, 9e (Reece et al.) Chapter 3 Water and Life Life evolved in the ocean, and the chemistry of life occurs in an aqueous environment. These questions explore the properties of water that are important to sustain life?s chemical processes, organismal physiology, and interactions of organisms with their environment. Quantitative properties such as heat content, molarity, and pH are also addressed. A few questions address how human activities affect the global environment through acid rain and acidification of the ocean. Multiple-Choice Questions 1) In a single molecule of water, two hydrogen atoms are bonded to a single oxygen atom by A) hydrogen bonds. B) nonpolar covalent bonds. C) polar covalent bonds. D) ionic bonds. E) van der Waals interactions.

Chemistry The central science

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Electron affinity: Cl(g) + e? Cl?(g) ?E = ?349 kJ/mol Ionization energy: Cl(g) Cl+(g ) + e? ?E = 1251 kJ/mol Substance to be an acid Disolve in water to form acidic solution or React with a base Metals Form cations in aq M M2+ + 2e? Low I1 Metals + non-metals salt (ionic compound) Metal oxides basic: Metal oxides + H20 metal hydroxide (OH-) (not all) Metal + O2 metal O2- (Ionic Solid) Acid + metal salt (aq) + H2 (g) Acid + metal OH- salt (aq/s) + H2O (l) Acid + metal O2- salt (aq/s) + H2O (l) Acid + metal HCO2-3 salt (aq/s) + CO2 (g) + H2O (l) Acid + metal HCO-2 salt (aq/s) + CO2 (g) + H2O (l) Acid + metal S2- salt (aq/s) + SO2 (g) + H2O (l) Acids + Metals Soluble Water Acid Product NiO (clear) No HNO3 (clear) Ni(NO3)2 (Green)

CHEM 1A midterm 1

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Chemistry 1A, Fall 2012 Midterm Exam #1 September 19, 2012 (90 min, closed book) Name:__________________________________ SID:___________________________________ GSI Name:________________ Discussion Day/Time: ________________ ? The test consists of 4 short answer questions and 17 multiple choice questions. ? Put your written answers in the boxes provided. Answers outside the boxes may not be considered in grading. ? Write your name on every page of the exam. Question Page Points Score Multiple Choice (1-17) 2-6 51 Ethylene Glycol Short Answer 3 4 Boron Nitride Short Answer 4 4 Allene Short Answer 5 4 Cyanogen Short Answer 5 7 Total 70 Useful Equations and Constants: PV = nRT

CHEM 1A midterm 1

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Chemistry 1A, Fall 2011 Midterm Exam #1 September 20, 2011 (90 min, closed book) Name:__________________________________ SID:___________________________________ GSI Name:________________ ? The test consists of 4 short answer questions and 18 multiple choice questions. ? Put your written answers in the boxes provided. Answers outside the boxes may not be considered in grading. ? Write your name on every page of the exam. Question Page Points Score Multiple Choice (1-18) 2-7 55 Formic acid Short Answer 3 8 Hydrogen Storage Short Answer 3 4 Capsaicin Short Answer 5 4 Rubber Short Answer 7 4 Total 75 Useful Equations and Constants: PV = nRT

Author reliablility handout

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Name ____________________________________________ Period ____________ AP Env. Science Date __________________ Title: How does Global Warming Effect Plant Growth? Lab # _________________ Procedures: Each group will design and implement an experiment to test the factors associated with global warming and discover how these factors may affect the plant growth in our future. Brainstorm some factors (environmental changes) associated with global warming: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________

Author reliablility handout

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Name ____________________________________________ Period ____________ AP Env. Science Date __________________ Title: How does Global Warming Effect Plant Growth? Lab # _________________ Procedures: Each group will design and implement an experiment to test the factors associated with global warming and discover how these factors may affect the plant growth in our future. Brainstorm some factors (environmental changes) associated with global warming: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________

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